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    優化教學模式,構建高效課堂

    2019-05-15


    優化教學模式,構建高效課堂

                                      ——記95期童聲作文師訓活動


    日前,由寧波教育學院主辦的95期“童聲作文”教學專題培訓圓滿落幕。在為期四天的培訓中,邀約了19位知名教育專家與一線教師以專題講座和課堂展示的形式,就部編版習作單元展開教學研討活動,也為《童聲作文·學本》升級帶來了新思路。二十多年來,童聲作文教學團隊一直立足一線,教研先行,推進作文教學改革,構建優質高效作文課堂。



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    第一日·專家引航

    師訓第一日上午,胡文杰老師與參訓的老師分享童聲作文踐行心得,就當下作文教學遇到的困惑提出相應的策略,并列舉典型課例,向老師們詳盡地闡述“起承轉合”課堂教學模式的構建與實踐,讓與會老師充分感受到了“童聲作文”的魅力。



    下午,小學語文研究院學術院長、浙江外國語學院汪潮教授帶來了專題報告——《“讀寫一體化”構建》,汪教授從讀寫結合、讀寫互動、讀寫一體化三個階段對中國語文教學的歷史沿革進行了剖析,用風趣幽默的語言深入淺出地道出了閱讀與寫作之間的緊密聯系。汪教授通過長期的教學實踐與潛心研究,提出了“汪氏系數”和“汪氏百分理論”,為習作教學提供了新思路,這樣嚴謹的治學態度更是令在場老師心生敬佩之情。



    第二日·青春力量

    師訓第二日,來自寧海的葛碧瑩、陳雪盈、陳肖敏、童麗、楊世揚以及象山的陳艷這幾位老師為大家帶來了精彩紛呈的課堂,或波瀾起伏,扣人心弦,或激情昂揚,活力四射,或個性張揚,犀利靈動,涌動著青春的力量,拉開了童聲作文課堂教學的帷幕。

    第一節課由寧波市教壇新秀葛碧瑩老師執教,她帶來的《臉,變變變》,從有意思的表情入手,引導學生仔細觀察臉部器官變化,通過有層次的學習,發現寫好變臉的秘訣:抓住重要器官、加上有意思的想象。課堂中,孩子們通過學習,將生活中一幅幅有意思的變臉人物,用鮮活的文字記錄了下來。


    第二節,寧海縣教學基本功競賽一等獎獲得者陳雪盈老師為我們帶來了一堂精彩紛呈、與眾不同的習作課,令人獲益匪淺。一是作文源于生活,事是親歷事,人是身邊人,使孩子們興味盎然,樂學善講。二是有技巧的作文教學,通過學生佳作呈現,讓學生自主發現概括其中的妙招。三是扎實的習作過程,通過多次習作修改,學生循序漸進地掌握習作方法,體現了學生的主體性。不僅展現了教師扎實的功底、幽默的風格,更為學生提供了展示的舞臺。


    第三節,第八季童聲小說《熊本日記》作者陳肖敏老師為我們帶來了一堂與眾不同的小說導讀課———《熊本日記之你好流浪狗》。從學生身邊走進熊本的世界,從圖片到文本,從觀察到想象,老師層層遞進,學生興致勃勃。陳老師以新穎有趣的授課方式營造了輕松愉悅的課堂氛圍,帶著學生們暢游了關于流浪狗丑丑的故事。尤其是最后的作者猜測環節,當學生得知眼前的老師就是“熊本日記”系列小說的作者時,更是感到意外和驚喜。陳肖敏老師還是早期童聲作文實驗班學生,其創作的“熊本日記”系列校園小說將在8月份出版,全國書店上架。


    第四節,由剛上崗一年的年輕老師童麗執教。通過創設“誰是表情帝”主題攝影大賽的情境引入,在此基礎上以“抓住部位、加入聯想、突出動態”三種方式串聯起了課堂教學,將單一的圖片轉化為多元的文字形式進行展示,展示了兒童的獨特思維和童真童趣。


    第五節,由寧波市教壇新秀、寧海縣名師楊世揚執教。

    好的習作教學,應指向兒童的內在需求。《我的小秘密》激發了學生的表達熱情,楊世揚老師指明了習作路徑:導入說秘密——一句話寫秘密——分階段寫秘密——摳細節補秘密——拓題材寫秘密。層層深入,螺旋上升。除了選材,組材的訓練外,引導學生運用多種方式寫出心理活動是重要教學目標。教師巧妙地利用寫作支架,讓學生從不會寫到會寫,從會寫到寫好,言語質量明顯提升。


    第六節,由寧波市教壇新秀陳艷老師執教《男生女生》。她用孩子們熟悉并喜愛的《水滸傳》引入,通過生動有趣的人物小像引導學生對身邊熟悉的同學進行細致的觀察,并在此基礎上抓住人物特質對人物形象進行描繪,在陳老師的課堂中,孩子們的興趣被充分地激發,習作能力有了顯著的提升。


    第三日·中堅力量

    師訓第三日。相對于前一日的靈動,本日的課堂則顯得睿智厚實,沉穩大氣。

    第一節,寧海縣教壇新秀蔣昀燁老師帶來的是《禮物-變一變,編故事》,她采用猜讀的方法,嘗試讓學生說清楚,變有趣,為孩子們搭建了語言實踐的框架。再通過同伴合作,調動了學生極大的興趣,樂于運用平時積累的詞語,創作出屬于他們自己的個性化語言。


    第二節,由寧波市優秀新秀班主任、寧海縣教學骨干陳優娜執教。這堂習作課,環節清晰,主要分為兩大板塊:分享資料和練寫片段。在第一板塊,陳老師引領學生對自己所搜集的信息進行分享交流,提煉關鍵詞并張貼共享。在第二板塊,陳老師引導學生對呈現的關鍵詞信息進行挑選運用,幫助寫話。她立足于學生習作的困惑,通過典型的范例教給學生習作技巧,教學效果顯著。


    第三節,由溫州市教壇新秀、教壇中堅陳曉飛老師執教。陳老師上課幽默風趣,帶領孩子們不知不覺經歷了習作能力的提升——參觀動物園(喚醒生活體驗)、瘋狂動物城(鏈接想象世界)、紙上動物城(創作精彩片段),評說動物城(提升鑒賞能力),孩子們動筆寫作和修改足足有25分鐘。在課堂最后環節,陳老師播放了先前錄制的微課,用同齡人的作品啟發孩子從片段到全文進行寫作。隨后,孩子們的創作熱情再一次得以激發,他們舉著當堂寫作的精彩片段,一個個都興奮不已,妙哉!


    第四節,由寧波市教改之星獲得者林建英老師執教《寫景我有招》,林老師首先創設了一個語言交際環境,激發了學生的表達欲望。第二,整體構思篇章結構,聚焦段落精彩。第三,自主寫作為先,教材來引路。學生先自己寫作,老師再利用教材,引導學生自己總結寫作方法,并在習作中運用,充分發揮了學生的自主性。


    四堂精彩的展示課結束,寧海縣名師、寧波市教改之星一等獎獲得者鄔曉耀老師進行了一場題為《基于核心素養的習作教學路徑探索》的觀點分享。首先,鄔老師就目前的作文教學上存在的問題進行了細致的分析,然后就“明明白白教什么”、“扎扎實實學什么”等方面進行了交流研討。她用生動、幽默的語言詳實的案例娓娓道來,并結合當日的四堂具體課例和她30年來對作文教學的探索和實踐,向在座的老師們傳授了實用性的“幾招”。老師們認真傾聽,頻頻點頭回應。一線專家和一線教師的交流,是一次來自心靈深處的解惑和分享。



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    第四日·團隊力量

    師訓第四日,由桐鄉市教師進修學校葛永騰老師帶隊主持。本日的課堂展示,在精心設計、扎實有效推進教學環節外,更因創意而精彩。

    第一節,桐鄉市骨干教師沈曉萍引導學生從多維角度觀察漫畫,抓住細節解讀漫畫,聯系生活鏈接漫畫,最后準確表達自己的感受來學寫《漫畫的啟示》。縱觀整個教學過程,教學層次清楚,教學步驟井然有序,課堂的訓練點面結合,師生的評價多元化,學生在這一節課中,產生了思維碰撞,進行語言積累,方法的獲得,情感的表達。


    第二節,桐鄉市教壇新秀李芹老師引領學生走進了有趣的故事世界。她尊重學生的想法,耐心引導學生發揮想象,鼓勵學生對人物的認識不應該局限于已知故事內容。當學生思維打開后,李老師及時創設情境,進一步活躍了學生的思維,孩子們娓娓道來浮現于各自腦海的故事情節,并興致滿滿地寫了下來,寫出心聲,讀出味道。


    第三節,桐鄉市教學骨干沈佾老師從自己一個人在家的夜晚說起,為孩子們打開了記憶的大門,激發了孩子們樂于分享自己獨特的心兒怦怦跳的經歷。整堂課,以一邊寫清楚事情的經過,一邊寫出當時的感受為起點,以如何寫清楚感受為提升點,利用范文鑒賞讓學生關注情緒變化時“身體變了”、“想法多了”,利用微課指導學生如何運用“身體變了”和“想法多了”的方法修改提升自己的習作。


    第四節,桐鄉市教學骨干姜娟燕老師執教《小小“動物園”》以繪本為依托,激發孩子聽-說-寫的過程,將孩子帶入情境。通過提供支架,拓展思路。從整體到個體,激發了學生仔細觀察、大膽思考、有序表達的能力。學生自評、互評相結合的方式讓學生心中有標準,筆下有感情。學生的語言實踐讓寫作生命成長意義盡在其中。


    第五節,桐鄉市優秀教師張凌玲老師執教《中國的世界文化遺產》。她以梯度架設為理念,指導學生對搜集的資料進行整理。從對資料的取舍整理,習得刪減、融合的方法,明確作為一份簡介應做到文字簡潔、內容簡明。課堂上她十分關注學生學習過程,將教學內容由簡到難、層層落實,并實現學生能力的逐漸形成。


    精彩的展示課后,桐鄉教師進修學校的葛永藤老師針對每節課分別提出了一個個問題,有材料選擇的優化,有比較策略的深入,有方法指導的推進,有例文支架的搭建……并與參訓老師進行互動。評課后,葛老師又圍繞“方法求無痕、語言求靈動、思維求質量”三個方面,結合具體案例展開闡述。


    短暫的時光里,每一位參訓教師都浸潤在童聲作文中意猶未盡。童聲陣陣,不絕于耳,讓我們一同聆聽童聲、解讀童心,期待下一次的相聚!



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